Fractal capacity dimension of three-dimensional histogram from color images

Journal Title: Multidimensional Systems and Signal Processing
Article Title: Fractal capacity dimension of three-dimensional histogram from color images
Volume: 21
Issue: 2
First Page: 197
Last Page: 211
Issue Cover Date: 2010-06-01
Authors: Julien Chauveau1, David Rousseau1 and François Chapeau-Blondeau1

  1. Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des Systèmes Automatisés (LISA),
    Université d’Angers, 62 avenue Notre Dame du Lac, 49000 Angers, France

Abstract: To contribute to the important task of characterizing the complex multidimensional structure of natural images, a fractal characterization is proposed for the colorimetric organization of natural color images. This is realized from their three-dimensional RGB color histogram, by applying a box-counting procedure to assess the dimensionality of its support. Regular scaling emerges, almost linear over the whole range of accessible scales, and with non-integer slope in log-log allowing the definition of a capacity dimension for the histogram. This manifests a fractal colorimetric organization with a self-similar structure of the color palette typically composing natural images. Such a fractal characterization complements other previously known fractal properties of natural images, some reported recently in their colorimetric organization, and others reported more classically in their spatial organization. Such fractal multiscale features uncovered in natural images provide helpful clues relevant to image modeling, processing and visual perception.